The particle “ni”「に」 is extremely common, and a big reason for that is because it has so many applications.
In this article we’re going to look at the three most important uses of the particle “ni”「に」:
- To mark the destination of an action involving movement
- To mark the location where something exists
- To mark the time when an action takes place
For each of these we will look at how and when to use the particle “ni”「に」 in a sentence, common situations when “ni”「に」 is used, as well as some situations where “ni”「に」 isn’t the right particle to choose.
There are other relatively less-common uses of the particle “ni”「に」 that we won’t cover here. However, those can mostly be thought of as adaptations of the above anyway.
You may notice, too, that the above three all relate to defining things in the dimensions of time and space, so there is a connection between them.
In practice, however, it pays to look at each major use individually, so let’s do that!