How to use the particle NI for destinations, locations and time

The particle NI in Japanese sentences

The particle “ni”「に」 is extremely common, and a big reason for that is because it has so many applications.

In this article we’re going to look at the three most important uses of the particle “ni”「に」:

For each of these we will look at how and when to use the particle “ni”「に」 in a sentence, common situations when “ni”「に」 is used, as well as some situations where “ni”「に」 isn’t the right particle to choose.

There are other relatively less-common uses of the particle “ni”「に」 that we won’t cover here. However, those can mostly be thought of as adaptations of the above anyway.

You may notice, too, that the above three all relate to defining things in the dimensions of time and space, so there is a connection between them.

In practice, however, it pays to look at each major use individually, so let’s do that!

The Japanese particle “de”: When and how to use it correctly


The particle “de”「で」 is one of the most useful particles in Japanese as it has two very common uses:

  • To mark the means by which an action is completed
  • To mark the location where an action takes place

In this article, we will take a detailed look at these two main uses of “de”「で」, including when they apply, how to use “de”「で」 in a sentence, as well as a few things to be mindful of when using or encountering “de”「で」.

The Japanese particle “wo” (o): What it is and how to use it

Object in Japanese sentences structure (hiragana)

The particle “wo”「を」 is one of the most common and useful particles. It is also one of the simplest to understand.

This is great for two reasons:

  1. With just a few examples, we can easily see how to use “wo”「を」 in a sentence, as you will see below.
  2. We can take advantage of the simplicity of “wo”「を」 to try to better understand some more general concepts related to Japanese sentence structure – concepts that can be applied to other particles too.

In this article we will look at what “wo”「を」 is, how to use it in a sentence, and a few things to be careful of. We’ll also touch on some more advanced concepts that give some insight into the bigger picture of the Japanese grammar system.

The Japanese particle “ga”: What it’s for and when to use it (and not “wa”)

The particle “ga”「が」 is probably one of the most misunderstood due to its apparent similarities to the particle “wa”「は」. However, “ga”「が」 itself is actually surprisingly straightforward.

In this article, we will look at the purpose of the subject particle “ga”「が」, as well as compare it to “wa”「は」 to see why these two particles are so easily confused. We will also look at some situations where “ga”「が」 is more commonly used, and why “ga”「が」 is preferred over “wa”「は」 in those situations.

How to use Anki to supercharge your Japanese learning

Learning a new language invariably requires you to remember a lot of new information.

Over the past several decades, a lot of research has concluded that one of the most effective ways to memorize things and ensure they remain in your long-term memory is a technique called “Spaced Repetition”.

In this article, I’m going to explain what exactly spaced repetition is, and show you how you can use a particularly popular app called Anki to incorporate spaced repetition into your Japanese study efforts.

I’ll also give you some ideas for how you can use Anki to enhance your Japanese learning, beyond just the typical uses of vocabulary and kanji.

Make no mistake, this technique is extremely powerful, and Anki is the go-to app for people in a variety of fields, particularly those that need to memorize copious amounts of information such as medicine, law, and of course, languages.

Let’s supercharge your Japanese language skills!

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